Table of Contents

wait () seconds


The block pauses its script for the specified amount of seconds — the wait can also be a decimal number.


The example demonstrates the wall bouncing of the sprite and rotation style.




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Learn to move your Quarky Mecanum Wheel Robot in a square and make an axe figure with PictoBlox. Use the arrow keys to activate the custom movements and watch your robot move in the desired direction!

In this activity, we will create a custom activity where you will be able to move the Mecanum robot in a square effortlessly along with making an Axe type figure.

The Quarky Mecanum Wheel Robot is a type of robot that uses a special type of wheel to move. The wheel is made of four rollers mounted at 45- degree angles to the wheel’s hub. Each roller has its own motor and can spin in either direction. This allows the wheel to move in any direction, making it an ideal choice for navigating around obstacles.

Coding Steps

Follow the steps:

  1. Open a new project in PictoBlox and select Block Coding Environment.
  2. Connect Quarky to PictoBlox.
  3. Click on the Add Extension button and add the Quarky Mecanum extension.
  4. Now we will first initialize the Mecanum robots and the servos before starting the main code.
  5. Here there are two parts specifically : To make a Square and To make an Axe

To make a Square (Logic):

The main steps would include to display the lights in arrow forms before implementing the specific move. The moves would be implemented in the following order:

Forward -> Lateral Right -> Backward -> Lateral Left.

We will display the arrows with the help of Quarky LED’s and implement the code.

Example of arrow:

Code for Square Motion:

To make an Axe (Logic):

The main steps would include to display the lights in arrow forms before implementing the specific move. The moves would be implemented in the following order:

Forward ( 2 steps ) -> Lateral Left ( 1 step ) -> Backward Right ( 1 step ) -> Backward ( 1 step )

We will display the arrows with the help of Quarky LED’s and implement the code.

Code for Axe Motion

Main Code

Now we will keep a specific condition on when to activate the Square Motion and when to activate the Axe Motion.

We will use the if-else conditions where on pressing the “up” arrow key, we will initiate the Square Motion and on pressing the “down” arrow key, we will initiate the Axe Motion with the help of Mecanum Robot.

Final Output

Square Motion:

Axe Motion:

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Learn how to create custom sounds to control Humanoid with the Audio Classifier of the Machine Learning Environment in PictoBlox.


A Sound-Based Humanoid with Machine Learning refers to a Humanoid robot that can perceive and interact with its environment through sound-based sensing and uses machine-learning techniques to process and analyze the auditory data it receives.

Humanoid robots with machine learning have the potential to greatly enhance the way we interact with machines and each other, making communication more natural and intuitive while also enabling new applications in fields such as healthcare, education, and entertainment.

In this activity, we will use the Machine Learning Environment of the Pictoblox Software. We will use the Audio Classifier of the Machine Learning Environment and create our custom sounds to control the Humanoid.

Audio Classifier Workflow

Follow the steps below to create your own Audio Classifier Model:

  1. Open PictoBlox and create a new file.
  2. Select the Block coding environment as the appropriate Coding Environment.
  3. Select the “Open ML Environment” option under the “Files” tab to access the ML Environment.
  4. A new window will open. Type in an appropriate project name of your choice and select the “Audio Classifier” extension. Click the “Create Project” button to open the Audio Classifier Window.
  5. You shall see the Classifier workflow with two classes already made for you. Your environment is all set. Now it’s time to upload the data.
  6. As you can observe in the above image, we will add two classes for audio. We will be able to add audio samples with the help of the microphone. Rename class 1 as “Clap” and class 2 as “Snap”.

Note: You can add more classes to the projects using the Add Class button.

Adding Data to Class

You can perform the following operations to manipulate the data into a class.

  1. Naming the Class: You can rename the class by clicking on the edit button.
  2. Adding Data to the Class: You can add the data using the Microphone.
  3. You will be able to add the audio sample in each class and make sure you add at least 20 samples for the model to run with good accuracy.
  4. Add the first class as “clap”  and record the audio for clap noises through the microphone.
  5. Add the second class as “snap” and record the audio for snap noises through the microphone.

Note: You will only be able to change the class name in the starting before adding any audio samples. You will not be able to change the class name after adding the audio samples in the respective class.

Training the Model

After data is added, it’s fit to be used in model training. To do this, we have to train the model. By training the model, we extract meaningful information from the hand pose, and that in turn updates the weights. Once these weights are saved, we can use our model to make predictions on data previously unseen.

The accuracy of the model should increase over time. The x-axis of the graph shows the epochs, and the y-axis represents the accuracy at the corresponding epoch. Remember, the higher the reading in the accuracy graph, the better the model. The range of accuracy is 0 to 1.

Testing the Model

To test the model simply, use the microphone directly and check the classes as shown in the below image:

You will be able to test the difference in audio samples recorded from the microphone as shown below:

Export in Block Coding

Click on the “Export Model” button on the top right of the Testing box, and PictoBlox will load your model into the Block Coding Environment if you have opened the ML Environment in the Block Coding.


The Humanoid will move according to the following logic:

  1. When the audio is identified as “clap”- Humanoid will move forward.
  2. When the “snap” sound is detected –the Humanoid will move backward.

Note: You can add even more classes with different types of differentiating sounds to customize your control. This is just a small example from which you can build your own Sound Based Controlled Humanoid in a very easy stepwise procedure.



  1. First, initialize the Humanoid extension.
  2. Then, initialize a forever loop to continuously loop and analyze the camera from the stage.
  3. If the program detects a clap sound, the Humanoid will move forward at a specific speed.
  4. Similarly, if it identifies a snap sound, the Humanoid will move backward at a specific speed.
  5. Otherwise, the Humanoid will remain in its initial position (home position).


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