Interrupt Pin

Learn how to use external interrupts with evive in the Arduino IDE environment. This tutorial covers the attachInterrupt() and detachInterrupt() functions, as well as the different types of interrupts and the 6 external interrupt pins available in evive.


In system programming, an interrupt is a signal to the processor emitted by hardware or software indicating an event that needs immediate attention. An interrupt alerts the processor to a high-priority condition requiring the interruption of the current code the processor is executing. The processor responds by suspending its current activities, saving its state, and executing a function called an interrupt handler (or an interrupt service routine, ISR) to deal with the event. This interruption is temporary, and, after the interrupt handler finishes, the processor resumes normal activities. evive has 6 external interrupt pins:

  • 2 (interrupt 0)
  • 3 (interrupt 1)
  • 18 (interrupt 5)
  • 19 (interrupt 4)
  • 20 (interrupt 3)
  • 21 (interrupt 2)

These pins can be configured to trigger an interrupt on a low level, a rising or falling edge, or a change in level.

How to use Interrupt Pins in Arduino IDE


In the Arduino IDE environment, you can attach interrupts using attachInterrupt() function. There are two different ways you can initialize an interrupt pin:

attachInterrupt(digitalPinToInterrupt(pin), ISR, mode);
attachInterrupt(interrupt, ISR, mode);

where, interrupt is the number of the interrupt pin (from 0-5), pin is the pin number, ISR is the function that you call when interrupt occurs (these functions do not take parameters and returns nothing. This function is also referred to as an interrupt service routine), and mode defines how the interrupt occurs. There are several types of mode listed in the table below:

Trigger TypeTrigger Action
LOWTrigger the interrupt whenever the pin is low
CHANGETrigger the interrupt whenever the pin value changes
RISINGTrigger when the pin goes from low to high
FALLINGTrigger when the pin goes from high to low


 This program demonstrate the use of interrupts with evive. 
 You have to connect digital pins 2 and 7 using a jumper wire.
 In this program we will control and LED (connected to pin 13)
 using pushbutton 1 of evive and interrupt pin.

int LEDPin = 13;              // LED connected to pin 13
int interruptPin = 2;         // Interrupt pin connected to pin 2
int PushPin = 38;             // Pushbutton is connected to digital pin 38
int OutPin = 7;               // Interrupt signal is generated from digital pin 7

boolean state = false;        // Variable to store the state of LED 

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
  // Initalise all the pin
  pinMode(LEDPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(PushPin, INPUT);
  pinMode(OutPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(interruptPin, INPUT_PULLUP);
  // Initalise the interrupt pin 
  attachInterrupt(digitalPinToInterrupt(interruptPin), changeState, CHANGE);

void loop() {
  // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
  digitalWrite(LEDPin, state);
  digitalWrite(OutPin, digitalRead(PushPin));

// Interrupt service routine function
void changeState(){
  state = !state;


To detach an interrupt, you have to u the e detachInterrupt() function in the Arduino IDE platform. There are two different ways to do it:



Interrupts are a great way to make your system more responsive and efficient. With evive, you can easily use external interrupts with the help of attachInterrupt() and detachInterrupt() functions. Interrupts can be enabled on a low level, a rising or falling edge, or a change in level. Evive has 6 external interrupt pins which can be used to control various components in your project.

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